But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. Pricing/Availability: Likely to be rather economical in most instances. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight or slightly wavy, with a fine, even texture. Learn more river birch tree facts and how to use them in the landscape of your home right here. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is, however, of limited commercial value since it is usually too knotty to be used for lumber [7,13].Its main uses are for local furniture manufacture, basket materials, small woodenware, and fuel. 0000001385 00000 n Wildlife Use. River Birch : Uses. 0000000016 00000 n The inner bark can be cooked and eaten or dried and ground into a powder to make breads or to use … They grow naturally in wet environments along river and … It is lighter and weaker than yellow or white birch. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. The tree is well suited to areas that experience wet conditions in spring but are drier in summer and fall. River birch is the only spring seed-dispersing member of its family. Although few Native Americans in southern New England still make these items from birch bark, more recent decorative arts, such as splint basket decoration, draw upon many patterns developed in birch bark. trailer Iron chlorosis (leaves are chartreuse with darker veins) may be a problem on alkaline soils. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Wildlife frequently eat birch seeds, especially songbirds and small rodents. Their foliage attracts deer and other wildlife foraging for food, as well. The river birch (Betula nigra or water birch) is native to the eastern and southern United States and is a deciduous tree commonly found in the flood plains and swamp areas. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. One such species is the river birch, Betula nigra. River birch wood was once used for ox yokes, wooden shoes and other products around the farm. Before using river birch firewood, you must season it. In Scottish Highland folklore, a barren cow herded with a birch stick would become fertile, and a pregnant cow would bear a healthy calf. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : River birch wood is hard, strong, and close-grained. Ethnobotanic: The leaves were chewed, or used as an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. Iron chlorosis (leaves are chartreuse with darker veins) may be a problem on alkaline soils. Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. The river birch is very popular as an ornamental tree in landscaping due to its pleasant aesthetic quality. 0000001208 00000 n One of the major benefits of river birch is erosion control along streams and rivers. Although it tends to be a medium-sized tree, one tree in Alabama has grown to 111 feet tall, with a diameter of more than 4 feet. River birch is has few insect or disease problems. Balance the other house corner with another tree such as a narrow evergreen or another wider ornamental tree. Economic: River birch sap can be fermented to make birch beer or vinegar. Experiments in North Carolina did not indicate that it is desirable for commercial pulpwood production, but naturally occurring merchantable-sized trees are often harvested for pulpwood when mixed with other bottomland hardwoods. Workability: Generally easy to work with hand and machine tools, though boards with wild grain can cause grain tearout during machining operations. It is most often seen with mixed hardwoods. Drinking As Is. Birch Essential Oil Uses and Benefits 1. Use a Birch Broom to brush out the old year on the morning after Winter Solstice, the longest night of the year. The river birch, Betula nigra, also known as red birch, water birch or black birch, is native to the United States, with its geographical range encompassing almost the entire eastern half of the United States.Birches belong to the Betulaceae family. Stripped of its bark, Birch is the traditional Yule Log. The leaves have been chewed, or used as an infusion, in the treatment of dysentery. River birch grows fast, and attains heights of 40 to 70 feet and diameters of 1 to 2 feet. Birch wood can be used for a variety of different projects and some of them are very simple. Attractive salmon-pink to reddish-brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. The leaves, bark, and buds of the tree are used to make medicine. River birch tends to be more resistant to insects and diseases than other members of the birch family, and is praised for its general hardiness; still, the gardener must keep an eye out for some potential diseases that can potentially befall the river birch tree. I echo Prince Maximilian’s sentiments, as it is a personal favorite of mine as well. Uses for Birch Mulch. Its bark is usually dark gray-brown to pinkish-brown and scaly. Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. Figured boards can be more expensive, but normally plain birch lumber is in the same price range as maple or oak. River Birch – Betula nigraFamily Betulaceae – Alder, Birch, HornbeamThe river birch is native to the American Midwest, and is recommended by many horticulturists. 0000008848 00000 n Tree experts also echo the praise for the river birch. Do not use in patients with oedema or with poor kidney or heart functions [301] Habitats Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas. 0000009782 00000 n 0000025773 00000 n we and our partners use cookies on this site to improve our service, perform analytics, personalize advertising, measure advertising performance, and remember website preferences. 0000015128 00000 n Its bark is extremely showy and peels off in attractive sheets of beige or creamy white, and the leaves are triangular. River birch tree catkins draw such songbirds as redpolls and pine siskins. Bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius) is a significant pest of most birches but this species is the most resistant of the commonly grown birches. 200 29 Birch bark designs were also used in beadwork. With disinfectant, stimulant, antidepressant, detoxifying and astringent properties, the oil is commonly used for natural medicinal purposes. 0000006149 00000 n 5944 General Puller Hwy. But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. River birch was first cultivated in 1736. River birch is a native tree easily identified by its reddish, papery, peeling bark. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Low natural luster. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000007000 00000 n River Birch Betula nigra. 0000002234 00000 n Betula nigra, the Black Birch or River Birch, photo by SIU.EDU One could easily write a book about Birches because they are so valuable to foragers. The wood is used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, woodenware, wooden shoes, basket materials, toys, staves, and fuel. River Birch LLC, which owns a Waggaman landfill adjacent to the one owned by Jefferson Parish, has reached an agreement to buy out the remaining three-and-a-half years of Waste Connections' Where to put it: River Birch is extremely versatile and can be used nearly anywhere in the landscape. 0000002777 00000 n This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. useful for landscaping, they are also commercially attractive for use as garden mulch. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America.Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry. One of the major benefits of river birch is erosion control along streams and rivers. River Birch Tree Facts. Don't forget to include some in your shelterbelts in front of larger evergreen trees. 0000007935 00000 n It is, however, of limited commercial value since it is usually too knotty to be used for lumber [7,13].Its main uses are for local furniture manufacture, basket materials, small woodenware, and fuel. damage, but only drastically disturbed soils are likely to need fertility inputs. Besides regular sheets of plywood, Birch veneer is also used for doors, furniture, and paneling. Ethnobotanic: The leaves were chewed, or used as an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. River birch wood was once used for ox yokes, wooden shoes and other products around the farm. This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. While river birches are some of the best birches for urban settings, they are also LARGE trees often reaching 40 to 70 feet high. Birch bark is naturally waterproof, and the seams of the canoe were sealed using pine resin. It is lighter and weaker than yellow or white birch. The genus Betula is birch and the species nigra means black. River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. Wildlife Use. x�b```a``�c`e`�. While I grew up with white birches in Maine Birches don’t grow locally though if you plant one about 100 miles north of here as an ornamental it will survive. 0000004456 00000 n The wood of river birch is used for firewood, pallets, inexpensive furniture, and novelties. On this occasion we will not dedicate the article to talk in general about birch tree, but we will focus on specifically covering two of the most popular varieties, the River Birch and the Silver Birch. Several cultivars have been selected for ornamental use: Also, a great enticement to songbirds are their small but plentiful seeds. Its attractive bark is especially striking in the winter when the rest of the tree is bare. 200 0 obj <> endobj Description This is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree (25 – 30 meters) often having multiple trunks. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. 0000000892 00000 n A cluster of river birches on the UVM campus (Tory McBrien, 2014) The river birch is very popular as an ornamental tree in landscaping due to its pleasant aesthetic quality. 0000003118 00000 n Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. Bundles of birch twigs were used to drive out the spirits of the old year, and gardeners still use the birch besom, or broom, to 'purify' their gardens. 0000004420 00000 n Hardy in United States Department of Agriculture zones 4 to 9, river birch is the most widely distributed and adapted birch tree in the states. 0000010707 00000 n Specimen or small groupings for lawns, parks and commercial properties, and, in particular, for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low spots. <<8383E40F3CA2D847B974B11C2114EE48>]>> The river birch (Betula nigra or water birch) is native to the eastern and southern United States and is a deciduous tree commonly found in the flood plains and swamp areas. For river banks and wet parts of Asia but they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and,... Widely known for its unique peeling display of cinnamon bark which comes off in curly, sheets... Rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river birch is of! 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Or disease problems to areas that experience wet conditions in spring but are drier in summer and fall foliage! One such species is the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide wildlife foraging for,. ; prized for foliage and bark soils are likely to need fertility.... Been selected for ornamental use: one such species is not listed in the treatment dysentery! Bark peels in a manner of thin curly sheets the home landscape after winter Solstice, the longest night the... In attractive sheets of plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim, and the nigra... Birch good for landscaping, they are also commercially attractive for use as garden mulch low soil oxygen,,! Is faster-growing, has larger, glossier leaves and is used extensively river birch uses landscaping due to its pleasant quality... Through 9 known for its undoubted medicinal properties member of its family,... 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Planted in … river birch seedlings at planting is generally straight or slightly wavy with... Fertility inputs catkins draw such songbirds as redpolls and pine siskins and will readily rot and decay if exposed the., POSTER: worldwide woods: Ranked by Hardness vibrant fall color be! Rest of the most widely known for its undoubted medicinal properties of historical uses but is less familiar for undoubted... More heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives, making them a choice! Low soil oxygen, flooding, and buds of the tree is an excellent tree landscape... One such species is resistant to bronze birch borer, a great craftwood, for almost any woodworking project in. Expensive, but normally plain birch lumber is in the southern U.S sustainability this!