The Aztecs were the first to cultivate poinsettias and used them for red dye and as a medicine for fevers. The poinsettia (/ p ɔɪ n ˈ s ɛ t i ə / or / p ɔɪ n ˈ s ɛ t ə /) (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).Indigenous to Mexico and Central America, the poinsettia was first described by Europeans in 1834. These days, poinsettia production is a $25 million industry, a staggering number for a plant that’s only sold six weeks out of the year. Poinsettia History. It’s most often found planted neatly in pots and displayed proudly on desks or in office corners. Affiliate Disclosure: As an Amazon associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. (WYTV) – Poinsettias get their name from Joel Roberts Poinsett of South Carolina, the first U.S. ambassador to Mexico, who brought them home to the states in the early 1800s. Celebrate your uniquely American horticultural heritage Harvest Your History Seed Your Future. He was the first Ambassador from the USA to Mexico in 1825. They would extract a purplish dye from the plant for coloring textiles and even cosmetics. California remains the top U.S. poinsettia-producing state. History of the Poinsettia The poinsettia is a native plant of Mexico and originated in a rather limited region near present day Taxco. Merry Christmas Dear Friends . The poinsettia first came to the United States in 1825 by way of Joel Poinsett, who at the time was the U.S. The poinsettia is a well-known member of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae), commonly sold as an ornamental at Christmas time. Botanically, the plant is known as Euphorbia pulcherrima. The plant, native to southern Mexico and Central America, is just one piece of the holiday celebration and we have Mexico to thank for its important place in the holiday season. What we call the Poinsettia is native to Mexico and was called Cuetlaxochitl by the Aztecs. Poinsettia plants are native to Central America. – Nochebuena / Poinsettia. Today, Poinsettias are not only the most popular Christmas plant, but the best-selling potted plant in the United States and Canada, contributing over $250 million to the U.S. economy at the retail level. Its history, particularly how it ended up in the United States and linked with Christmas, is interesting doubtlessly. HISTORY OF THE POINSETTIA. Poinsettias. Sample Like what you see? Its name signified "Flower that withers, mortal flower that perishes like all that is pure". The poinsettia was made widely known because of a man called Joel Roberts Poinsett (that's why we call them Poinsettia!). Poinsettias are part of the Euphorbiaceae or Spurge family. by Anne December 10, 2020, 7:19 pm 169 Views Anne December 10, 2020, 7:19 pm 169 Views Native to what is now Mexico, the Aztecs utilized the plant they called cuetlaxochitle to reduce fever and stimulate lactation. READ: This App Can Tell You The Indigenous History Of The Land You Live On The poinsettia has now been bred to include versions with pink, white, and blue leaves. Its name signified "Flower that withers, mortal flower that perishes like all that is pure". The vibrant plants are native to the rocky canyons of Guatemala and Mexico. Early Poinsettia Flower History. It was named for Joel R. Poinsett, who popularized the plant and introduced it to floriculture while he was U.S. minister to Mexico in the late 1820s. Though many Christmas plants and flowers are associated with the American Christmas holiday, the beloved Poinsettia has some deep historical roots that might surprise you. He was a botanist and brought a cutting back to the U.S. Later in the 20th century, the Ecke Farm of California was responsible for mass-producing the plant and introducing it as the Christmas Tradition it has become. The rest is history. A poinsettia can say a lot to someone during the holiday season or add much to your Christmas decor if you keep one in your own home. Smithsonian Videos The History of the Poinsettia What we call the Poinsettia is native to Mexico and was called Cuetlaxochitl by the Aztecs. Records of the plant’s introduction to the United States are somewhat spotty, but we do know that the poinsettia was first brought to the country by a US diplomat. Poinsettia's botanical name, Euphorbia pulcherrima, means "the most beautiful Euphorbia". Patrick McMillan talks with Jim Faust regarding his extensive collection of poinsettia varieties at Clemson University. Legend of the Poinsettia Poinsett, who was a physician and a botanist, found the plant in 1828 and was so taken by it that he sent cuttings back to his home in South Carolina. What is Poinsettia? In the United States, December 12 is National Poinsettia Day. Rating: Value: This article discusses the history of the poinsettia plant and how it came to be used as a Christmas decoration. Like many of our common plants, the poinsettia is largely an invention of the 20th Century. May your holiday be safe, healthy and filled with love. History shows the Aztecs used poinsettias for both decorative and practical purposes. A Little History The poinsettia plant was first brought to America by Joel Roberts Poinsett, who served as our country’s first Ambassador to Mexico. No flower says Christmas like the beautiful poinsettia. The plant originated in Mexico, but has spread across the world and is offered in 100 different varieties. of the name is certainly clear! Learn about the history of the Los Angeles Flower District here, or get to know the bad boy of botany Nicholas Culpeper. They have a long history dating back to the Aztecs in the 14th through 16th centuries in southern Mexico. Though it is thought to have become known by its more popular name of poinsettia around 1836, the . Poinsett had some greenhouses on his plantations in South Carolina, and while visiting the Taxco area in 1828, he became very interested in the plants. Poinsettias were cultivated by the Mayans and Aztecs, who valued the red bracts as a colorful, reddish-purple fabric dye, and the sap for its many medicinal qualities. Learn a few facts about this traditional Christmas plant. In the 1830’s, the future Christmas plant’s popularity spread throughout America. Learn more! The story behind poinsettias is rich in history and lore. Poinsettia, well-known member of the spurge family commonly sold as a Christmas ornamental. Poinsettia Facts 10 Interesting Facts about Poinsettias. Diplomat to Mexico. Poinsettia Day History. Did You Know? A poinsettia in hues of blue, coupled with red and white flowers, becomes the star of a patriotic arrangement. The poinsettia is native to Central America and typically grows from Mexico to Guatemala. History You won’t find any reference to the poinsettia in any of the ancient herbal texts because it was unknown to the western world until the 1800s. I guess. They’re plants. The native people, Aztecs used this plant a lot. Where was this Christmas plant discovered? The poinsettia farming empire in Southern California which, at one point, controlled 90% of the market. Are poinsettias poisonous? Because of its brilliant color, the poinsettia was a symbol of purity to the Indians. The History of Poinsettias An ornamental shrub, the poinsettia is native to Mexico and Central America, where it was known as Flor de la Noche Buena or "Flower of the Holy Night". History of the Poinsettia 314 words / $9.42. During college, I studied one summer in Cuernavaca, a little town about an hour and a half south of Mexico City.Nochebuena, the Mexican name of the flower English-speakers call poinsettia, was discovered in Taxco and the valleys surrounding Cuernavaca. In 1834, Robert Buist, a Pennsylvania nurseryman introduce the plant to Europe under its botanical name, Euphorbia pulcherrima (literally, "the most beautiful Euphorbia"). Cultivated varieties are available with white, pink, mottled, and striped bracts, though the solid red varieties remain in greatest demand during the Christmas season. Make Christmas extra special this year by sharing a fine poinsettia with your loved ones. Poinsettia in Mexico. Poinsettias went from near obscurity to a $140 million annual market in the U.S., based on a 2015 analysis by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the latest available. The cuetlaxochitl was cultivated as a gift from the gods and Montezuma (1480 - 1520, last of the Aztec Kings) adorned his palaces with the plant. Many plants in the Euphorbiaceae family ooze a milky sap. History Of The Poinsettia Plant – Why Is Poinsettia A Christmas Plant. The plant we all recognize today as the Poinsettia has a long, foreign and interesting history. Buy this article today to see the rest and be the exclusive owner! It is believed to have been used as a Christmas decoration as early as the 17th century when Franciscan monks near Taxco, Mexico incorporated the plant in their Nativity processions. The plant thrived in the Southern part of Mexico. origin . Dec 9, 2016 - Where does the poinsettia come from? Now, more poinsettia history. Poinsettia History: Learn About the Christmas Plant! Plus free printable version! Long before the arrival of Europeans, the Aztecs of Central Mexico cultivated the plant and called it Cuetlaxochitle. The poinsettia has a history with the American public. Nochebuena, the Mexican name of the flower English-speakers call poinsettia, was discovered in Taxco and the valleys surrounding Cuernavaca.Known by the Aztecs in their native Nahuatl language as cuetlaxochitl, it is believed that they brought the plant from the tropical climate of Cuernavaca to their Aztec highlands for cultivation in special nurseries. Plus it tells you other names used as well for this special Holy Flower. It is native to Mexico and Central America. https://harvesting-history.com. And tinted in your favorite pastel color, and perhaps with a touch of glitter, the popular potted plant is suitable for weddings or as a centerpiece for anniversaries, birthdays, showers, and other occasions. Legend of the Poinsettia – Below is a legend of how we get the Poinsettia, why we have it around Christmas, why it is a winter plant and what it has to do with Christmas and why churches use them during Christmas. They got a purple dye from poinsettia’s bracts and used it in beauty products and materials. The poinsettia’s original scientific name euphorbia pulcherrima, or “very beautiful, ” did not suit the adoring public. Sprayed green, it makes the Irish smile on St. Patrick's Day. Nick Federoff Americas natural master gardener, tells us the history of the beautiful Poinsettia plant. Plant curiosity piqued? Somehow, like with many other miscellaneous objects, Christmas has adopted the poinsettia as its own. FREE SHIPPING on orders $50 and above THE HISTORY OF THE POINSETTIA . How the Poinsettia Became the Official Plant of Christmas. It definitely deserves its place as one of the best flowers for Christmas. The Poinsettia remains the most beloved American Christmas flower of all time. It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas floral displays. 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